What Is Hypertensive Retinopathy?
Hypertension can cause damage to the blood vessels in the retina. This eye disease is known as hypertensive retinopathy.
The damage can be serious and sight threatening, if hypertension is not treated.
Damage to blood vessels in the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye (retina) can lead to bleeding in the eye, blurred vision and loss of vision.
Lack of blood flow to retina leads to blurred vision or the complete loss of sight. Managing blood pressure is also the only way to treat hypertensive retinopathy.
Fluid build-up under the retina can result in distorted vision.
Blocked blood flow damages the optic nerve, leading to partial field loss or complete vision loss.
In addition to threatening the anatomy of the eye, high blood pressure can also cause a stroke.
This can impair the optic nerve or damage the area of the brain responsible for processing images.
The best way to treat hypertensive retinopathy is to adequately control your blood pressure.
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